History of Ferozepur
THE GLITTERING MEMORY LANE OF FEROZEPUR CITY
Ferozepur, as you ingresse into its vicinity, it greets you with the note “Welcome to Ferozepur, The Land of Martyrs”. Needless to say, the city is known as a land which imbibes in its very essence the spirit of sacrifice, courage and commitment. Resting on the banks of the river Sutlej, this ancient city shares a 200 km long border with Pakistan-the famous Hussainiwala Border. Ferozepur was founded by Ferozshah Tughlaq in the 14th century. It was one of the richest districts of the undivided Punjab. The two World Wars and the Partition in 1947 broke the social and economic fabric of the region and Ferozepur and had to bear the big brunt of it.
Three heroic martyrs of India’s freedom struggle Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his compatriots Shaheed Rajguru and Shaheed Sukhdev have their ultimate resting place on the banks of the river Sutlej at Ferozepur. On March 23, 1931, undeterred by ubiquitous voice of protest, these three heroes were executed in Lahore and were stealthily cremated in the dead of night near Ferozepur by the brutal Britishers. They were killed for majorly contributing and hoisting of the pennon of revolution against the British, demonstrating their deep patriotism, and defiance of the foreign rulers till the very last of their breath.
Today, the Memorial of Shaheed Bhagat Singh marks the locus where every year on March 23, thousands of people gather to pay their obeisance to these benevolent daredevils. Ferozepur has another landmark historical memorial, the Saragarhi Gurudwara, which commemorates the sacrifice of 21 Sikh soldiers who perished at Saragarhi in Baluchistan.
Ferozepur’s strategic position in the northwest of the country has resulted in its being part of many military expeditions in the area. It is also a major Cantonment of the Indian Army.
The people of Ferozepur are known for their chivalrous deeds and unflinching support to the cause of the nation and also for their traditional hospitality. The land of martyrs is also known for the traditional folk dances, Bhangra and Giddha which are performed during the colourful Melas and big fairs on different occasions.
The incredible inheritance of Ferozepur comprises exquisite pieces of history from the days bygone. Amongst these unusual excerpts, is one excerpt without which the entire saga is like a body without soul. This fragment of the saga has directly and indirectly shaped what the city is today. It is an imperishable quantum of the sands of time that have revolutionized the entire social scenario. The most worshipful Bhagwan Dev Atma, the esteemed missionary was the one to have this avant-garde vision to transform the society. He was assertive of the fact that since women are the care-givers and nurturer in any Indian family, they not only bring up individuals, they influence the fabric of society in that way and in numerous other ways. Thus, they deserve their due share of regard and should be emancipated by using education as a medium. Materializing his thought in the year 1934 he founded DSCW, an exclusive institution in the pre-independence India, dedicated solely to the education of women. Just like the visit of any dignitary, tourist, relative or a friend to this border district, remains unsubstantial without paying tribute to the three martyrs at Hussainiwala Border, similarly it is incomplete too without their stop over at this 84-years-old marvel, which is a spectacle in itself. It is nothing short of paradise – a blissful abode, a haven of women education!